On a global scale, coal-fired power plants are the most significant source of air pollution
that claims 3.7 million lives each year. They are also one of the most significant sources of greenhouse gases
that contribute to climate change
; they are responsible for nearly one third (i.e. 29%) of greenhouse gases emitted by human activities. In 2016, CAPE collaborated with international partners to prepare a Health Statement on Coal Plants around the 2016 G7 Meeting which was signed by 82 health organizations from 30 countries. In 2017, CAPE made a plea for a world-wide phase-out of coal plants at the Powering Past Coal meeting at the Climate Conference in Bonn Germany.